动词suggest的用法

无论是在英语四级考试当中,还是在日常英语的使用中,suggest都能称得上是最常见的单词之一了。但同学们真的了解这个词的用法吗?大多数同学也只是知道它有建议的意思,但你知道它还能代表暗示表明的意思吗?那么今天就来给大家介绍一下动词suggest有如下一些用法:

一、 有"建议"的意思.advise, propose 也有此义,请比较它们用法的异同:

1) 都可接名词作宾语
She suggested / advised / proposed an early start. 她建议早一点出发.
We suggested / advised / proposed a visit to the museum the next day. 我们建议明天去参观博物馆.

2) 都可接动名词作宾语
I suggested / advised / proposed putting off the sports meet. 我建议将运动会延期.
They suggested / advised / proposed waiting until the proper time. 他们建议(我们)等到恰当的时机才行动.

3) 都可接that 宾语从句,that从句用should+动词原形,should可以省略.
She suggested / advised / proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不要在星期六举行.
We suggested / advised / proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher. 我们建议他去向老师道歉.

4) advise 可接动词不定式复合宾语,propose 可接不定式作宾语.
I advised him to give up the foolish idea. = I suggested / proposed his / him giving up the foolish idea. 我建议他放弃那愚蠢的念头.(suggest和propose在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语).
We proposed to start early. = We proposed starting early. 我们建议早一点出发.(接不定式不用suggest和advise)

二、 有"提出"的意思.如:
He suggested a different plan to his boss. 他向老板提出了一个不同的计划.
Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem. 小王提出了一个解决这个问题的办法.

三、 有"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人.

1)接名词或动名词作宾语.
The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高.
Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好.
The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳.

2)接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气.如:
The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来.
The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 他脸上的表情表明他很生气.

四、 在主语从句It is suggested that... 及名词suggestion 后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词原形,should可以省略.如:
It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party. 人们建议我们在晚会上表演节目.
His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first. 他的建议是先把债务还清.
The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill. 医生们建议不要把新医院建在山上.

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